Although the evolution of the coal sector is still uncertain today, its share in the global energy mix is nevertheless projected to decline significantly. Coal production has substantial adverse impacts, whether in terms of CO2 emissions or of public health, making it necessary to mitigate them.
To do so, ambitious policies need to be implemented rapidly in order to reverse the trend and to give the appropriate investment signals for the development of alternative energy sources. However, this energy transition is also a socio-economic transition, and both need to be developed and implemented simultaneously, as part of an “integrated” strategy.
This is the context of the approach and the objective of the Coal Transitions research project, coordinated by IDDRI and Climate Strategies presented in this Issue Brief: an analysis of the different dimensions of the coal transition (impacts on employment, financing, reindustrialisation, international response, etc.), through a number of national case studies, helps to identify the obstacles and resistance to action as well as the possible components of a comprehensive and fair implementation of the transition, which is the only guarantee of higher, more credible climate ambition.